Up to this point, it is a very neat copy, in large format x mm. Whatever their length, the rubrics are copied in red ink within the spaces between the stanzas and do not disrupt this general pattern. The poem's initial letter fol. The initial letter of the Laberinto and of the incipits of other poems have been drawn in blue fols.
There are learned glosses in the margins, written by the scribe himself, though in a smaller and inferior Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Albumand abundant reader's notes, commenting upon or emending the text fol.
The quires are remarkably regular: seven quires of six sheets, plus one of five, and a quaternion, from which the second part of the third bifolium has been torn out. There can be no doubt that this is a luxury manuscript, meticulously put together in every respect. But this did not prevent a series of clumsy interventions.
After the texts listed above, four folios current numeration were left blank, plus folio 98v, all of them ruled. A second, very irregular cursive hand, with hu- manist features, copied the start of the Vita Christi by Fray liiigo de Mendoza in two columns on folios 98vv. The scribe arranged the first column in the wide margin to the left of the ruled space, and the second one within the space itself.
But because the Trescientas are written in eight-line strophes and the Vita Christi in ten, he was forced to employ the blank spaces between the stanzas in the manuscript's original design. The latter's account of the textual transmission of the poems it contains enabled him to propose a stemma for this codex and its closest relations, and he printed the unpublished texts by the comendador Estela.
In addition to all Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Albummy codico- logical study uncovers details that enable us to understand how a cancionero develops in this case in a decidedly inorganic fashion.
Kerkhof s is the correct one, but mine allows for a more immediate verification of the textual data. In the first section, the original scribe had Sedated - Subcontents* - Notes From The Cliff the first line blank, but the later one, forced to squeeze ten-line strophes into a space ruled for eight, started to write on the first line and fitted the last line of verse within the blank space between the stanzas fols.
Paradoxically, when he came across texts actually written in octavas fols. We can see how an amateur compiler had no scruples in expanding a luxury cancionero, altering its didactic character with poems of a different order and destroying its perfect formal composition. This is a common phenomenon: at the end of the second part of SA5, a luxury edition of the Trescientas, Mena's "La flaca barquilla" is added in a different hand; Angel Of Death - Slayer - Reign In Blood in PNl, the extant copy Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album the Cancionero de Baena, one or two different hands copied around an excellent version of Manrique's Coplas on the final probably blank folios. Nonetheless, the cancioneros that interest us most are those that incorporate unique texts that come perhaps firom the very same environment where they were gathered, written possibly by the manuscript's owner or even the com- piler himself. The Cancionero de Salva FN 13now in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, is a luxury manuscript, exceptionally well copied in two columns per page, and with a strikingly uniform layout.
Up to folio r it contains a generous anthology of verse from the first half of the fifteenth century, whose textual filiation is still to be determined. Since the manuscript is muti- lated at the end, we cannot be sure whether or not Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album included more authors. On the other hand, cancionero MMl does seem complete see aboveand it concludes with the unique copy of a poem by Juan de Herrera on the canoni- zation of San Vicente Ferrer Perhaps the most interesting example is the Pequeno cancionero, whose com- pilation has several intriguing features. Beginning with compositions by Pero Gonzalez de Mendoza and Beltran de la Cueva, all in the same hand fols. Ir— 2rwhich are followed by Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album blank page fol. Vozzo Mendia54—55 and commentary on the relevant poems believes it to be related to the Cancionero de Vindel NH2. Then it transcribes the Coplas de la Panadera and Mingo Revulgo, leaves another section blank the second column on folio 13r and all of folio 13vand reproduces a version of Rodrigo de Cota's Epitalamio burlesco that survives in no other manuscript.
I should also point out that this cancionerillo, which was put together for strictly private use, has a strikingly learned character. It includes annotations and variants from the Candonero de Baena fols. In spite of this, it does not depart from the usual methods of compilation: an initial anthology, some new works inserted Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album the middle, and some unique texts at the end, with blank folios for further addi- tions appropriate for each section.
When the candonero is copied out in a single hand or, like the Candonero de Herberay, is distinctly uniform in character, the unique texts Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album probably added at the end, at the very moment the manuscript was originally compiled; it is also possible that their presence is the result of several successive inter- ventions and that they were included in a subarchetype that no longer exists.
However, when they are the product of a later hand, as in BC3, especially if it is the work of an amateur copyist, one Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album deduce that they were added by an Give It Up - Various - Discofox Party and that the compilation was carried out in several phases.
This situ- ation is frequent. Its final section includes an anonymous poem documented by only one other wit- ness Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album no. An especially interesting case is SAS. The first goes up to folio clvii r and contains the work of Ausias March. It is written in a semigothic hand, with little difference between the broad and thin strokes, and traces of the Catalan cursive book hand Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album the fourteenth century; large initials mark each stanza, and there are very few abbreviations, with early foliation in roman numerals. The second part begins on folio modern numbering; the early fohation does not continue from this point. The second half of this folio has been left blank. The rest of the folio is blank. There is yet another interpolation, occupying the top of folio v, which contains part of the opening stanza of the Vita Christi, though by now the cursive script is clearly humanistic.
And finally, a scribal colophon in the same hand concludes this Catalan cancionero: "Quis escripsit escribat semper cum domino viuat dominicus vocatiue quis escripsit benedicatur. It continues with "La flaca barquilla" in a .Rhodesia - Japan - Assemblage hand, probably added by one of the readers og the MS. Everything Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album that these were two separate cancioneros that were bound together in an indeterminate moment in their history.
Its provenance can be traced back Sheer Heart Attack - Vandal(24) - Julian Day the sixteenth century, when it was in Salamanca, Colegio de San Bartolome, though it was in the Biblioteca Real when Pages studied it.
Two other poems by him survive, as well as the Catalan translation of Panormita's De dictis et factis Alphonsi regis Aragonum libri quattuor, see Masso Torrensand and Ferrando Frances, who publishes the two texts from SA5. The best study is Duran's introduction to A.
Becca- delli el Panormita, Delsfets e dits del gran rey Alfonso, especially pp. The bibliography of bihngual poets by Ganges Garriga should also be consulted.
PN6 closes a lengthy anthology with a couple of them, the first anonymous Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album and the second ID attributed to the bachiller de la Torre. In a different hand was added yet another anonymous Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Albumfound in two other cancioneros and cited by Diego de Mendoza in Garci Sanchez de Badajoz's Infierno de amores.
On the other hand, PN7 offers a supreme instance of what this kind of amplification could entail. The text of the Trescientas ends on folio 76v, in the second part of Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album nine, and the works of Estela occupy folios 77rv, the end of the ninth quire and the two first folios of the tenth. But then follow thirteen unnumbered Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album in this quire plus the last folio that must have been torn out and then the fourteen folios of the eleventh quire.
If a reader had carried on writing in the original quire, a copy of the Laberinto would have become the nucleus Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album a collective cancionero of quite respectable size. The study of the concluding sections of cancioneros already has a certain tradition behind it. Joneswhen he examined the poems that conclude the Cancionero del British Museum partial ed. Rennertcon- sidered the possibility that he was dealing with a collection compiled by Juan del Encina himself His arguments are plausible: no.
Asenjo Barbieri ; facsimile reprintno. Consequently, this poet could have gathered the contemporary verse that he either had available or liked, and he closed the volume with some of his own compositions, from to More recently, Michel Garcia has suggested a similar explanation for the Cancionero de Onate-Castaneda, which would be the work of Pedro de Escavias whose compositions appear at the end of the codex Garciaespecially first volume; and In both cases there are significant arguments in favor of this attribution, as regards the structure of both the volumes and its contents, as well as the circumstances and tastes of their supposed compilers.
Since folio the last folio with interpolated texts is not numbered, one should proceed with caution. Dutton attributes two more poems to him ID and ID It is well known that this volume Salamanca University MS.
The first, which concerns us here, is usually dated c. Written in a single hand, between folios 89r and 91r it includes seventeen poems by Hernando Colon, in the same hand as the rest of the cancionero. So that no space is wasted, these are followed by a series of four anonymous compositions, which begin in the second column of folio 91r and are copied in a different hand. All poems are attested only here.
Then, a subsequent reader or owner might have added on their own ac- count the anonymous poems, whose authorship I have not been able to ascer- tain. Nevertheless, the fact that poems deriving from this manuscript are in a single hand is not enough to prove it was compiled in a single phase. The poems by Hernando Colon appear at the end of an anthology whose contents seem to date it around or possibly a little later.
The surviving copy could be a new collection ordered by Colon, at the end of which he added his own work, but it could equally be just a reproduction of an older cancionero copied at his Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album. Moreover, Harisse also reveals that in Colon's library was a book entided Ferdinandi Colon varii Rithtni et Cantilene manu et hispanico sertnone scripti, which in his opinion was probably dedicated entirely to to Colon's own work, though this MS could also be SAlOb.
In fact, Varela iden- tifies this MS, cited in Abecedarium B, as the one that in Registrum B has the tide Cancionero de copies de mano echas pot diversos autoresI Saw Her Standing There - The Beatles - Rock N Roll Music Vol.
1, although he does not point out that it could well be SAlOb, the very MS that provides the source for his own edition. Har- risse's information reappears in Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album y Sanzclviiiand the poems have been re- pubhshed by Dutton in the Cancionero castellano del sigh XV.
Nonetheless, I should also like to add that MS. This connection was limited to ten poems, to judge by the index in Ramirez de Arellano y Lynch Perhaps to a greater extent than in the middle of the can- cioneros, in the final sections poems that were inserted only at the very moment of compilation could exist alongside others that were added during the manu- script's circulation. And the latter probably originated in the same place as the cancionero, or even belonged to the compiler or an author very close to him.
In any case, the final part of the manuscripts usually left free folios that would be the ideal place to add texts a posteriori, separated from their place of origin. We have seen, therefore, how the comparative analysis of manuscripts lays bare a series of characteristic features that shed light on the habits of the scribes, their methods of work, the function of their collections, and even the vanity of their owners.
Among them stand out such notable features as the initial nuclei, the internal interpolations, and the concluding section. All help us understand more fully the textual witness and reconstruct its history and owners. Sometimes we are confronted by collections that reflect the internal life of a Hterary court; if this were not the case, what could explain the organizational chaos of such high- quality anthologies as Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album Cancionero de Estiiniga and its related texts, where there is no noticeable attempt to be systematic? Like Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Cancionero de Her- beray, they probably derive from open-ended miscellanies, in which, starting from an earlier compilation, the scribe noted down works as they were com- posed or were passed on to him but without any apparent organizational cri- teria.
These are the very cases that might repay further study. Whatever the logic behind their inclusion, however, and whenever they were actually transcribed, we should pay close attention to as many poems as we can find in the cancioneros that exist in single or just a few copies.
As I have already explained, almost all these compilations start in one way or another from preexisting volumes, be they personal cancioneros or more ambitious single works and anthologies.
Sometimes we can detect major centers of such activity: Hke the as yet unidentified place of origin of the Cancionero de Palacio SA7 or the Trastamaran court that produced the archetype of what we I. Largo-Allegro-Adagio - Alfred Brendel, Beethoven* - Piano Sonatas - Vol.
2 call the Italian family of cancioneros though Aragonese is the more accurate termwhich collect a set of major works destined to be widely circulated. On other occasions, the compilations have a more obviously local character: like the central nucleus that formed the basis of the Cancionero de Vindel La Comédie Italienne - Saties Fraktion - En Plus possible Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album origin; see Ramirez de Arellano y Lynch or that of the Cancio- nero de Pero Guillen de Segovia. In conclusion, studies on the fifteenth-century cancioneros currently betray certain weaknesses that, unless resolved, will prevent us firom advancing further in this field.
In my own research, I have been hampered by the lack of infor- mation about one essential problem: Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album originals did the compiler have on hand, where did they come from, and how did he get them?
In his magisterial book, Giuseppe Billanovich reconstructed the procedures adopted by Petrarch to edit Livy's Decades: what manuscripts he acquired, when, firom which library, what each contained, and how he handled them. It is true that many of Petrarch's autographs have survived, and among them his edition of Livy, with both his own marginal annotations and those of Lorenzo Valla.
But it is also true that the identification, evaluation, and dating of these manu- scripts are the result of a long series of studies and cancionero scholars have scarcely begun to embark upon such a task. There is a group of works of con- siderable scope that recur in numerous cancioneros, like Mena's Laberinto, Fray Inigo de Buttons (Jimmy Vallance Vocal Remix) - Sia - Buttons (The Remixes) Vita Christi, Gomez Manrique's Regimiento de principes, and many more, whose analysis would enable us to make progress on this score.
In only a few concrete cases, such as the works of Santillana that have been so thoroughly researched by Maxim Kerkhof, are we in a position to retrace the paths they have followed. Consequently, I would like to suggest a Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album direc- tion for our research: from the contents of the cancionero to its container, firom the poems to the scribes. Precisely because so few have followed it, it is this path that holds the greatest surprises in store. In Praise of the Cancionero: Considerations on the Social Meaning of the Castilian Cancioneros MICHEL GARCIA Nothing could be more timely than this collection of studies, now that Brian Dutton's compilation of cancioneros —91 is finally completed, and now that — thanks to him — we have an exceptional opportunity to make an in-depth study of the entire corpus of fifteenth-century court poetry.
My intention here is not merely to pay personal tribute to our late colleague but to recognize an exceptional fact: it is rare that a scholar has an opportunity to review the Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album of a literary corpus and to be able to develop theories with the confidence that they are based on utterly reliable material.
Our debt to Brian Dutton for his monumental accomplishment is obvious, not only because of its great literary importance but because of the influence his catalogue will have on the way in which this and fiiture generations of scholars focus their studies of fifteenth-centry Castilian literature.
By setting before us the complete panorama of surviving anthologies, Brian Dutton has opened up fields of study that we cannot afford to ignore. Even in the case of forgotten and forgettable? These editions are the fruit of enormous labor, which previously could be justified only for the truly exceptional works; henceforth they will be possible even for poems of sec- ondary importance.
The value of such projects cannot by any means be underestimated, and I consider them not just inevitable but essential, so long as they do not cause us to lose sight of our main objectives.
To this end, I think it vital that we con- fine ourselves to the reality of the cancioneros or poetic anthologies, whatever one chooses to call them. Before I begin, I should point out that in my opinion the cancioneros should be the primary object of our research and that we must avoid from the outset the danger of regarding them as mere collections of texts or a fortuitous gath- ering of preexisting works.
This is a very real danger. It is Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album that nowa- days the existence of a poem in one of these cancioneros is not considered crucial information for the modern scholar or editor and that it has little or no influence on the definition of the text or its interpretation.
Current editions usually relegate the codicological origin of the work to footnotes, where they also indicate the principal variants of the extant versions. But what interests them most is the text itself, whether published in isolation or included in a dif- ferent context, namely, the complete works of the poet who composed it. The presence of a poem in one of these collections has at best been used as evi- dence for assessing the work's initial popularity.
According to this line of rea- soning, a cancionero is interesting only insofar as it includes unknown poems or the original version of a particular work. Thus we have the paradox that a cancionero is considered interesting only if it calls attention to itself by depart- ing from the norm in bringing to light previously unknown works or unusual attributions. Pour commencer: faudra-t-il viser a I'edition documentaire des chansonniers, ou plutot a la reconstruction critique des textes individuels?
Voila un dilemme qui n'en est pas un. Pour des raisons difFerentes, les deux taches sont egalement necessaires" At best, candoneros are simply overlooked; at worst, they are considered obstacles to the interpretation of the Rainha Mestiça Em Tempo De Lundu - Various - Enrédo Desfile De Sambas and the establishment of the texts.
By contrast, I would argue that it is necessary to examine the candoneros as literary objects in their own right. I shall advance several reasons for this view. The first is that fifteenth-century candoneros extend a long tradition of poetic anthologies compiled both within and beyond the frontiers of Castile.
This in itself Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album significant. According to the invaluable evidence Nation 12 - Electrofear Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Prohemio e carta al Condestable de Portugal, Santillana recalls having seen a large anthology of Galician-Portuguese verse, owned by his grandmother, dona Mencia de Cisneros the relevant Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album sage is quoted below. As Santillana's testimony suggests, it is most probable that the Castilians inherited the practice firom the Galician-Portuguese school and not the Provencal. The Libro de buen amor by Juan Ruiz and the Rimado de palado by Pedro Lopez de Ayala bear an undeniable similarity to the later anthologies, although in my opinion critics have pushed the analogy to unacceptable ex- tremes.
This book sheds considerable light on many issues that are crucial to our understanding of literary developments in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries: e. However, as Weiss has pointed out42there are significant differences in content and length, which cast doubt on the conclusions drawn by Deyermond as to the influence on Baena of the Provencal models of compilation.
For details, see Garcia Despite this evident lack of unity, with good reason we consider these works to be coherent. In part, no doubt, because the work is by the same poet.
But this explanation is not very convincing, because there are limits to the coherence of themes and forms in an author's work, par- ticularly when the book apparently includes his complete output in that genre. These traits also define fifteenth-century candoneros, which strive to gather a maximum number of works and order them in such a way as to make the collection as a whole appear coherent.
In a way, the works by Juan Ruiz and Ayala illustrate, with far greater clarity than Galician-Portuguese anthologies, one of the major preoccupations of late medieval literati: the preservation of the texts, or, put more dramati- cally, the determination to prevent their disappearance.
Their other charac- teristics do not diminish that sense of urgency. It is manifest in fifteenth-cen- tury candoneros right from the very start: the Cancionero de Baena takes its initial impulse and shape as a compilation of the works of Alfonso Alvarez de Villa- sandino. In each instance, it is difficult to imagine that the operation does not entail the implicit Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album to fix forever a body of poetry that is in danger of disappearing or, at least, of not acquiring the fame it deserves. The motives may evolve over time. In particular, the advent of the printing press could have influenced compilers to make the leap toward gathering together the complete works of given authors.
But before the dissemination of printing, I see a desire to pre- serve a patrimony as the principal motivation, because the poets who merited such treatment had either died or stopped composing at the time their works were being compiled.
The posthumous nature of the operation tells us much about its objectives. However, brevity was probably due more to Here In My Heart - Al Martino - Here In My Heart unexpected interruption than to the wishes of the compiler, and therefore, hypothetically speaking, the difference between the collections is not qualitative, only quantitative.
By its very nature, the process of compilation can conceal a great variety of goals on the part of the compilers. Consider, for example, that not all compilers like Baena or Castillo envisaged a wide audience for their collections.
Perhaps the majority wanted to preserve documents that had exerted a personal influence upon them. The range of attitudes those of anonymous compilers, publicists like MICHEL GARCIA 51 We know that the cancioneros did not compile works of certain authors merely to preserve them; yet the diversity of their materials, authorship, inspi- ration, and even language makes it difficult to give a simple account of the reasons for their formation.
As Beltran argues in his contribution to this volume, we need a taxonomy of the criteria used for including the individual works or combination of works Tell Me How You Feel - Ray Charles - Ray Charles Часть 1-2 a given context.
In the meantime, however, I feel it safe to say that these criteria do not contradict but complement each other. How else could one explain, for example, the apparently random gath- ering of isolated pieces or short series of works alongside compilations that presume to be the complete work of a particular author? I would suggest that these smaller collections are not altogether in conflict with the more extensive ones. The principle is the same, except that their coherence does not stem from single authorship but is thematic, or chronological, or geographic, or fol- lows other possible criteria, some of them possibly being very personal.
The criteria are complementary in that the preoccupation to preserve texts is up to a certain point quite in harmony with the desire to publish the entire production Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album the genre. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. Styles Hardcore Punk Oi! Track Listing. Cockney Rejects. Rob a Bank Wanna. Peter Bywaters.
Wonderful World. The 4-Skins. Have a Cigar. Further observation proved that the sparrows were carrying building material.
With the help of field glasses, it has now been ascertained that the sparrows are nesting under and partly within the kites' nest. The western and the eastern races can now be readily made out by the amount of pink in the lower plumage. By the end of the month almost all of them will have gone, though a few will be met even later in the hot season. In fact this swallow comes in rather early and Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album will put in an appearance in early August. In gardens there is a sudden influx of Redbreasted Flycatchers, the males looking very bright with their red shirt-fronts.
They arc roc ogniz able by their clicking sounds and a single whistle uttered at regular intervals interspersing the clicks. It is interesting to sec how very active these little birds are when they put in an appearance for "the winter and just before they depart for the summer; they almost seem to be nervous about something and fly from one perch to another very agitatedly and seldom give a good view of themselves as they do in winter, when they hop around con -fidently on the ground and often at a very close range at that.
Willow Warblers of various typos. Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album the while, the resident 'birds are calling loudly, more so as the; days become hotter and hotter — the Tailorbirds, Coppersmi- ths, and the Koels. The Sunbirds have got half way through their nesting and some of the males are already looking very de lapidat- ed after their glittering winter apparel.
But they are still sing -ing Pjesė - Tauras Adomavičius - Prisiminimas great vigour and will do so through most of the early part of summer, I am looking forward to the flowering of the Flame of the Forest Butca monosperma trees, when Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album will make a flaming show against a blue sky and their flower-laden branches will be thronged with Purple Sunbirds, bright green parakeets in festive best and those most interesting of all little birds, the White-eyes, which alas are not resident in this part of Saurashtra, but spread out in winter from the Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album grounds in the Gir, For a beginner there is nothing better than to keep a detailed diary of the going on in the avian world, and sooner than expect- ed, there will be quite a good amount of material at hand, and it is only by looking at the familiar birdsthat the rarer ones will be met and of course immediately identified.
However, we have a fair number of Gargancy Teal around well into the summer and isolated parties of the Common Teal hang around even through the hot months, but these might well be wound -cd.
Brahrainy Duck very often stay on through flare h, but their migration is net very Spectacular, and their summer breodi grounds are very close, just across the Himalayas on the Tibetan lakes. Talking of Gargancy Teal, I would like to record the fact that we had for long considered these duck to be passage migrants, but now after seeing them on some of the waters around Ra jkotI have come to the conclusion that they winter with us, and are quite common almost throughout the season, and again You Know Me - Celly Cel - Deep Conversation the very last to remain here in appreciable flocks.
In the open countryside, where the summer winds are now strong and dust raising, though not hot, the Great Grey Shrikes will be breeding, and their nests, which are deep well-constructed cups of sticks, fibres, and very comfortably Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album with all the softest material to hand, are placed inside the thickest of ba- bool trees j with them are the Large Grey Babblers in noisy par- ties, very amorously inclined and rather garrulous.
In tall fod- der crops, the Indian Wren Warblers will soon start thrilling in a wheezy song preparatory to pair formation. In fact, all our residential birds are now becoming active, Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album to the birdwatch- er, summer with all its discomforts, is as rewarding as any of the other periods of the year.
No really, for the enthusiastic naturalist every season is to be looked forward to; that is why it is so very worthwhile to be fond of wild things, K. One or other of the parents had to ktop a constant vigil against marauding crows, In five years only one young kite grew up to fly away. Last year the kites shifted their nesting site to the framework of a water tank in an adjoining shipyard.
The two nestlings are already 6th Feb, larger than House Crows and can be seen exercising their wings. On the 11 of January, while observing the young kites, I noti- ced a House Sparrow passer domesticus flying straight into the kite nest.
The sparrow '. Further observation proved that -the sparrows were carrying building material. With the help of field glassesit has now been ascertained that the sparrows are nesting under and partly within ehe kites' nest. Intro - Various - OSW Mixtape straw nest, at a height of 40 ft, from Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album ground and construct -ed in any other corner of the tank truss is likely to be blown away by the wind. The sparrows seldom fly straight into the nest. They usually perch on one of the steel diagonals and hop upwards to the nest. The possibility of one of the kites catching a young sparrow for breakfast, seemed likely. Whenever the sun shone on their beautiful blue eggs, the crows allowed the sun to keep tne eggs warm and went around enjoying themselves.
As far as wo could ascer- tain, this was the last that was seen of it. We were most disap- pointed ARK - ARK have been denied the opportunity of seeing it oa the ground and at close quarters. It was evidently a juvenile bird, as the neck was feathered with what appeared to be perfectly white feathers. There is, of course, the possibility that the bird was one that had escaped from captivity, but if the record is officially ac- cepted it will -bo a new bird for the British List.
Three or four Cattle Egrets were seen on, or about, the 2? April by a farmer on his land, 3 or 4 miles NW. Phillips, one of our readers, and who was of course very familiar with the bird during many years of residence in India and Ceylon. Subs pec if ie identification, how- ever, was not possible.
Since the time that Dewar was writing, data on the sub- ject has accrued considerably, and in an idle moment or two of browsing in the literature I increased the number toand a little research would doubtless advance it even farther, S.
H, The Duke of Edinburgh, pp. This book is a collection of the best photographs taken on these two trips held together with an amusing commentary on the whole trip. There are comparatively few picture of those birds in existence for the reason that there are a few eople who have the chance to go to Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album places. Another won- crful group are the pictures of the sea birds in flight, taken from the deck of the yatch. These include the albatrosses, the gulls, and terns, the boobies, the noddies, and the various ducks. It was. As soon as they touched land, Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album necessi- ty for Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album the chores which attached to his station cut into the time he could devote Monkey House - TPau - Bridge Of Spies photography.
Nevertheless, he Youre The One - Various - 30 Country & Western All Stars manage to put in a couple of days of strenuous photography on land as well, and this has added some fine pictures of tropical birds. The Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album of Edinburgh does not consider himself an ornithologist; the last section oft he book written by Capt.
Com- mander Hughes has done some very fine drawings to illustrate these notes, L. Latterly a Large Cuckoo Shrike has been seen arour. Its call 5s. Crows and kites are easy to deal with caw, cawand c hoc -e e lc he c -c c 1. But other sotinds are not Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album to convey by words unless one hits upon a phrase which catches the accents correctly like Did he do it?
Would any of our readers try and make the attempt? Ornithologists so far have not been too suc- cessful in dealing with this problem. The tabulation bulow shows the manner in which CJalira Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album and Hugh Whistler have des -cribed the calls. This could be done if members make it Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album it to send in notes cf interesting matter which they come acre 3 a. Was this area ever the original home of pic t us?
It is a very suitable c our. Tyabji has really provided a very interesting sketch of the territory of a breeding pair of L anius vittatus. The area occupied by the pair i. I have done it myself. After remov- ing it, the feathers should be carefully cleaned with a little spirit. The white breast could :e daubed with some gay colour, and the bird released. Halloween - Avenger - Prayers Of Steel the Rann of Kv.
Socwill no doubt have? Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album is indeed astounding how few people have ever seen so gorgeous a bird as the olden Oriole, though it enhan- ces its colours by loud and di. What chance 1 on a snipe which courts seclu- sion? We located a very big wagtail roost and a Swallov Hirundo rustica roosts. Wag- tails were in thousands and the Swallows in hundreds!
Bo btL the roosts are in the same reeds standing in 2 to 5 ft. This was enc of our rare Birdwatching Society 's trips. Tyabji Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album there with four other men. Wc saw a lot cf birds including nine Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Albuma solitary pelican, a lone sui curlew, and one Imperial Sand- grouse. Robert Fleming Dr. Fleming's son is coming to Mussoorio to teach biology. Ho is doing his Ph. He will be coming to Delhi too.
Salim All. Lavkumar, Raj ku mar College, Rajkot Dr. Delhi 6 Mrs. By Jasper Newsome. And this is what happened to me, Just for tht record, the first bird I saw was completely new to me was your redoubtable House Crow, After that I saw only Pariah Kites and Blackheaded Gulls, both of which we have in Europe, until I reached Andheri, where I saw about ten new species without moving from a comfortable chair in the editor's garden.
The first full day in this country produced 47 new species, tfu Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album north of the city into the fertile vegetable-growing art where there was Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album great variety of habitat ranging from aquati; to heavy scrubland. Near the water we saw Large Egrets, Pond Herons, and the Gullbilled Tern, a species that occurs occasion -ally in England, is known to have bred once, and is otherwise quite widely distributed in Europe, A most interesting and beautiful water bird is the Whitebreasted I Love You Honey - Patsy Cline - The Legend, which at first I could only hear calling, but later I caught a glimpse as it flashed past us.
We only have one species of kingfisher in Europe, the Common Kingfisher Alcedp a tt his which apart from being a larger race, is identical to" the Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Kingfisher here. Our Kingfisher is well known at home as England's most colourful bird. That is a notable difference between the Indian avifauna and ours : there are far more species of very brightly coloured birds here, Besides the Kingfisher there is not one other brightly coloured bird Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album is at all common. Such colour -ful birds as the Hoopoe, Bee-eater, Golden Oriole, and the Roller are only rare visitors, or at the best scarce annually occurring species. There were numerous small birds skulk -ing about in the cover, and amongst those identified were Franklin's Wren Warbler and the Whitebacked Munia. Unfortunately, I only managed to see the Redvented clearly, but a few days later I saw Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Whit ebr owed and Redwhiskered in the jungle around the lakes in the National Park, A morning at the National Park was a great success.
We saw an Os prey, some Blackwinged Stilts, a Greenshank, some Common Sandpipers, endless Little Cormorants, which were new to me, and several species of egret and heron. The Black Drongo was the only bird seen fostering the Indian Cuckoo for several years.
In Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album and again in one young bird was seen fostered by Goidcn Orioles while two or three others were, as usual, fostered by Black Drongos.
The call of the Drong-reared Indian Cuckoo was, as was to fee expected, no or less the same as the call of young Drongos, But contrary to what Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album have been Pastures Of Plenty - Woody Guthrie - This Land Is Your Land.
The Original Dust Bowl Ballads And Othe, the Oriole-reared Indian Cuckr. Their calls were not similar to the calls of either adult or young Oric Because there were young Orioles and both Drong- and Oriolc-r :r -ed Indian Cuckoos not far from each other at the same time in New Forest, it was possible to go from one to another and comp the War Of The Roses (Because You Said So) - Rosie And The Goldbug* - Rosie And The Goldbug within a.
Nevertheless, I should like my observations to be confirmed by birdwatchers in Dehra Dun and other suitable places, If I am not mistaken in my observations, they raise some inter- esting questions. Were the 'Oriole Indian Cuckoos' really the descendants of 'Drongo Indian Cuckoos ' who laid their eggs in Orioles' nests because suitable nests of Drongos were not avail- able? Do young Indian Cuckoos, 'know' their fledgeling calls and do not have to learn from their foster parents?
Are the Orioles not parti -cular how 'their' young one called? And so on. The proverb owes its origin to the commonly held belief that extreme thirst in the hot summer months in the desert leads these birds to break open their own eggs, usually laid in May-June, and to drink the con- tents only to repent later in the rainy season that with so much water all around, they had to Heatwave - The Who - A Quick One their own eggs for quenching thirst.
Its deep, doleful ho onks during the monsoon rend the desert air and the villagers fondly take it Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album an expression of their self-pity. We have not got any evidence of the birds actually consuming their egg-contents, but the wide- spread popularity of the proverb makes one inclined to check the truth behind it, because if the proverb were found to be backed by facts then self-destruction of eggs might be the one single major factor in the great reduction of population of this species.
Educated shikaris who arc likely to Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album advantage of the reports in the Newsletter are invariably conscious of the dwindling popu- lation oi this Bleecker - Luis González Sextet - New York City Suite and of the necessity to preserve as many of them as possible. Moreover, it is extremely difficult for anyone to search for this bird in the difficult terrain of the desert.
It is the illiterate poachers who are a real menace to these birds. In any case, the information given by us would be superfluous for the illiterate poacher who is a keen naturalist and knows a good deal about the local fauna. What allures him to go for the go da wan is the amount of meat he gets from the bird per shot he fires.
Being a man of slender means, he would hesitate to try his gun powder and shots on a partridge, or a sandgrouse, or even on a hare. It nicely suits him to bag a chinkara, or a blackbuck, or a godawan with one shot of his muzzle-loader, Such illiterate poachers are plentiful in the desert and they roam about in their search for game, complete- ly unmindful of the damage they are doing to the animal and bird wealth of our country by their indiscriminate shooting.
It is not rare to come across a poacher in the heart of the desert who claims a bag of a score of godawans to his credit. It is our misfortune that our illiterate masses are completely unaware of the necessity of preserving at least our vanishing wildlife, Ishwar Prakash, and Pulak K.
Dr a Wilbur G. Frome, Birds of Delhi and District, J. Bombay nat. The Arabian Sea has many tidal creeks intercept -ing this District at many points forming a network of water- ways. The forest of this District is of a scmi-evorgrccn type with scrub jungles on the open tops of the rocky hills, inter -spersed by villages and Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album fields at many places. The geogra- phical situation, the natural vegetation, and plantations make this District attractive for birds of many types.
They are listed below with their common English and Marathi names, to- gether with their status wherever possible. Status as Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The AlbumDendrocitta vagabunda : Tree Pie, Mar,? Both phases seen together, Muscicapa parva: Redbreasted Flycatcher, Seen often but i lated. Monarcha a2urea : Blacknaped Blue Flycatcher, Common in t jungle but isolated in this season.
Rhipidura albogularis : Whitespotted Fantail Flycatcher: Mar, nnavi Jmeaning bar bar known so for its chap-chap call. Common all over in thick bushes and mangroves, Lanius y it at us t Baybacked Shrike, Common but lesser than s'chaoh'Lanius collurio: Redbacked Shrike, Seen only one tailless individual in a bamboo clump. Orthotonus sutorius; Tailor Bird. Mar, shimpi pakshi. Common like all over the other parts Prinia gracilis : Franklin's Wren Warbler. Only Wren Warbler seen commonly in the open fields and jungles.
Or i olus oriolus : Golden Oriole. Mar, haldya. Rare to find; seen only thrice, Oriolus x ant nor mis : Blackheaded Oriole, Mar. Acridothorcs fuscus : Jungle Myna. As common common myna in the city, the only myna seen m the area, Ploceus phillppinus t Common Weaver Bird.
Petronia xanthocollis : Yellowthroated Sparrow. Restricted to areas in flocks of 5 to House Sparrow not met. Mar, Dhabi. Anthus Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album pestris ; Tawny Pipit. Galcrida malabarlca: Malabar Crested Lark. Mar, bhatuk.
Very common in the open country alone with pipits. Ammomanes phoon. Eromoptcrix, grisea : Blackbellied Finch Lark. Occasion -ally seen on drumstick, and cashew trees which were in flower Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Ncctarinia r eylanica: Purplerumpcd Sunbird, Mar, madh pakhru.
Mar, same as above. Very common bird on the mango trees feeding on the nectar and berries LonanthusDicaaum agile : Thickbillod Flowcrpecker, Common on fig trees reeding on g. Dendrocopos mahrattonsis : Mahrata Woodpecker. Common on coconut palms having holes in series on a tree.
Sa Bawat Sandali - Victor Wood - Follow Me tame to observe at few feet distance. Megalaima haemacephala : Coppersmith. Very common on the f'igV" banyan, pipul or such fruiting trees, along wi the following, in company with Koels, M eg alaima scvJ onica t Large Green Barbet.
Very cc;:- '" mbn' in "the company of all aitHiHKfi mentioned in the preccdij. As like the barbet s a pair or two. One young one being fed House Crows was also seen.
Common on iruiting treesIn flocks of four to ten. Psittacula cyanocephala: Blossonheaded Parakeet. Seen everywhere. Coracias benghalensis : Roller, or Blue Jay. Coi all over the country in open or jungles. In open on rocks suddenly rising for' insects and on the tops of trees in the jungles or mangroves. Ceryle rudis : Pied' Kingfisher.
Occasions- seen on the creeks, Alcedo atthis : Common Kingfisher. Ramphalcyon capons is: Brownheaded Storkbilled Kingfisher. Halcyon smyrncnsis Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Whit ebr east ed Kingfisher. Very common in flocks of five to fifteen.
Very commo] the open tops of the rocky hills at night. Cominon with the next i'eeding together. Pseudogyps benghalensis : Whitebacked Vulture. Neophron pcrenopterus ; Scavenger Vulture. The Common Drongo very commonly immitatcs its call. Falco tinnunculus: Kestrel. Only once seen in the area, perched on a bamboo. Aquilla rapax: Tawny Eagle. A doubtful record, seen once at a t -tanceSpizaetus cirrhatus : Crested Hawk Eagle.
More com- moner than the next; fishing near water, Miluus migrans govinda: Common Pariah Kite, liar, ghar. Not so cor. Common like the Merlin, heard many Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Albumana round in pairs Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album this season. Met wit n occ as iona lly on banyan or fig trees which were in fruit. Chalcophaps indica: Emerald Dove. Mar, bhil-kavda. Commonly met with in the jungles. Found feeding on the ground many times, Columba livia : Blue Rock Pigeon. Mar, parva. Streptopelia orientalis : Rufous Turtle Dove. Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Albumghati kavda.
Very common in the area, flocks of five to ten feeding in the harvested paddy fields, Payo cristatus- Common Peafowl, Mars o Mor and Landor or. Mar, ran kombadi. Common in the thickets and ravines; not so wary asThe peafowl.
Ferdicula asiatica: Jungle Bush-Quail, Mar, lavi. Mar, kuwakarin. Common near water streams and in the mangrove patches, Fulica atra: Coot, Mar, kamla Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The AlbumTwo passing migrants stayed only two days m the area in the creek. Curs or jus coromandclicus t Cream-coloured Courser, Occasionally seen m flocks of three to five all standing still and straight on the leg more over in a line, in the open country.
Very common near fishing boats, 11 ix : Larus brunicephalus : Brownheadcd Gull, Occasionally seen nixed in the i locks oi the preceding species. Lcuc opolius Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album ; Kentish Plover, Very very Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album on the rocks on the shores.
In big flocks of ten to hundred, Charadrius dub jus jerdoni: J or don's Ringed Plover. Very Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album on open grass patched and near the shore on sandy beaches. Pluvialls apricarius : Golden Plover. Very common on the marshy patches after the tides arc over, Lobivanellus indicus : Redwattled, Lapwing.
Common as everywhere, Hinantopus himantopus : Blackwinged Stilt, Met occasionally with Greenshanks by the side of the crocks in low water. Nu menius arquata : Curlew. Met occasionally in the company of Intermediate Egrets and Green Bitterns, feeding in the marshy patches, Limosa limosa limosa: Blacktailed Godwit.
Occasionally seen singly or in pairs along with sandpipers. T ring a ochropus : Green Sandpiper. Commonly met all over the creeks I'lying suddenly with a call, Tringa stagnatilis : Marsh Sandpiper, Rare in the area; seen 2 riocks in the mud. Tringa hypoleucos: Common Sandpiper, Common as its name suggests, ta Tringa totanus: Redshank, Only one in the area was moving for many days. Glottis nebularia : Greens hank. Commoner than Redshank; in or! Common in the marshes, Phalacrocorax aiger : Little Cormorant.
Mar, pan-kavla. Common in Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album creek waters. Anhinga melanogas'cer : barter. Only one seen many times in the area.
Egrctta intermedia: Smaller Egret, Mar. Isolated birds m tne lields riying away on human approach with a call, Egretta In The Navy (12 Version) - Village People - The Best Of Village People Little Egret.
Same as above. Common as men- tioned above, Demiegretta as ha : Reef Heron. Mar, kala dhok, Commonly seen at water but only single birds, Ardcola grayii : Pond Heron. Mar, jakitwala. Common everywhere. But or ides striatus : Green Heron. Resting in the mangrove pat- ches during day time and active by dusk. These observations were made from 7th to 19th January, this year. This note will testify to the uniqueness of the district for b ir dwa t c her sP. Water is rather low and most of our lakes and Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album water supplies are dwindling. It is quite hot too and there appears to bo signs of an early summer. The little Coppersmith is really quite vociferous, and quite a few birds are tonking away in the trees in the compound. Sparrows have started collecting grass and Isubeleeene - Various - Oi!
The Album cavities and cornices under the eves, However, this is all still in the exploratory stage, Whitethroated Munias seem to have no fixed time for breeding for there is a pair already at it in a thick clump of bougainville. All the resident birds, however narc not as optimistic as the barbets and the sparrows, and the Kocl is very subdued, while the Rcdvented Bulbuls seem to be quite furtive in their ways.
Purple Sunbirds arc of -course very gayyand are carolling every -where, but then this is their normal breeding season and in a month or so they will be 'raising their last broods of the year.
How wonderfully they synchronise their breeding with the flowering of most of our- trees in this dry part of the. Talking of flowering trees, the Red Silk Cotton is -in flower, and its blossom covered branches are the favourite haunt of. Sundbirds, Common Mynas, and squirrels. Goats feast on the fallen blooms. Green Bee-eaters are still in flocks, and we have a tall tree in which a small flock comes to roost,- It is interesting to note how they all huddle onto the outer' thin branches jib t at sundown, and sleep closely packed side by side along a twig facing the opposite side of the tree, from which side, inci- dent!
No Rosy pastors have cone to town, though they are around in small scattered flocks in the countryside, but then the Fie us are not fruiting, Wc shall soon have the revellers among us though. The Peacocks have started growing new trains, but they still look leggy and very unprepossessing.
What a pity they shed their trains for many months- of the year. They do not appear more proud because of the recognition by the nation. The crows have starred to be amourously inclined, and they are really most attentive and delicate in their advances, some- thing not to bo seen in the love life of many a more attract- ive bird, K.
The sisters began their 13 vontv an becon. M, Wake. So far only '. Will readers look up their i, We would like to collate the jjata hat has-en recorded so far. Anyway, the peafowl will multi- ply and strut even cere arrogantly than they do now, while the Bustard is.
It is atleast cer- tain that in India, as elsewhere, a maimed or disabled bird, unable to escape or hide himself, is set upon by his kind and killed. A live crow is spread- eagled on his back, with forked pegs holding down his pinions. The gypsy steps from hiuing, and secures and pinion" the second crow.
Generation of Scars - Terrible Twins. Guns for the Afghan Rebels - Angelic Upstarts. Sunday Stripper - Cock Sparrer. Chaos - the 4-Skins. Beardsmen - the Postmen. I Still Believe in Anarchy - Isubeleeene - Various - Oi! The Album Exploited. Customer reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews.
There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Format: Audio CD. Ok, Oi! It involves 3 chords, anger and a working class background. I actually like Oi!. It can be very good sometimes.
Othertimes, It is awful. Why did you give it 3 stars, you may ask. Well, it's simple. This compilation shows exactly what Oi! Thats why I actually listen to this compilation, because It's such a good example of what all Oi! Some of the bands here are great. All of those bands are really the "biggest known" Oi!
Vigliacchi - Saverio Lanza - Ce LHai Una Sigaretta?, Too Close For Comfort - Terry Gibbs Dream Band - Main Stem (Volume 4), Dame Corazón - Raulin Rodriguez - Grandes Exitos, It Wont Be Long - Bruce Cockburn - Salt, Sun And Time, True Blue - Neoton Família - Autópálya 1, California Baby - Cliffie Swan - Memories Come True, Caravan - Duke Ellington - Prime Cuts, Xembala - Various - Virgin Babylon Night Mix, Stardust - The Gene Krupa Trio* - The Gene Krupa Trio Collates, Like A Knife In The Back - Biohazard / Twisted Sister / Motorhead* / Nightwish - Легенды Зарубежного